There are three known types of peripheral nerves: sensory nerves, motor nerves, and autonomic nerves. The symptoms which indicate neuropathy highly depend on the type of the damaged nerve.
Peripheral neuropathy may refer to the damage of one or more of the three types of nerves. The symptoms also indicate whether only one nerve is affected or if the condition generally affects the whole body, commonly associated with diabetes.
When the sensory nerves are affected then the person suffers from sensory neuropathy. When the sensory nerves are damaged, the person is most likely to experience tingling and numbness. Further symptoms include the loss of one’s ability to feel pain as well as the loss of one’s ability to distinguish changes in temperature.
The patient will also suffer from the loss of the sense of joint position resulting to the loss of coordination. This will impede movement and cause joint pains. The worst is the suffering from shooting or burning pains which is always worse at night.
The first parts of the body to be affected if having sensory neuropathy are the hands and the feet. It will be difficult to walk or to pick objects up. Gradually, the symptoms will start moving towards the center of the body as neuropathy progresses.
Motor Neuropathy happens when the motor nerves are affected. The main affected areas are the muscles.
Specific symptoms include muscle weakness. This symptom starts small from difficulty moving the hand muscles to difficulty balancing. There are cases where the muscles in the chest or throat area weaken resulting in the difficulty of swallowing and breathing.
Other symptoms are wasting of muscle tissue because of inactivity. Twitching and muscle cramps are also visible.
The worst symptom is muscle paralysis. The person loses control of his muscles enabling him to not move it. He is then unable to move some parts of his body.
With autonomic neuropathy, the autonomic nerves are injured or damaged. The person commonly will be having a low blood pressure due to the lack of control to his blood pressure, causing him to faint or get dizzy.
Other symptoms are impotence (erection difficulty for men), lower heat toleration, no control on bladder functions (which results to urine inconsistency), sweating problems, and constipation and bloating.
The neuropathy diagnosis is determined by the physician upon the occurrence of the symptoms. There are also some cases where the doctor is treating the person with some illness or injuries that diagnosis of neuropathy is determined. Peripheral neuropathy is sometimes determined for patients with diabetes during their regular check-ups.
As long as the person goes to the doctor regularly then the diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy in its early stage can be established. Upon the suspicion of peripheral neuropathy, the doctor will require the person to undergo a physical examination of the nervous system and conduct blood tests. There is also a possibility to refer the person to a neurologist for the assurance of the results or for a second opinion and Neuropathy Relief Guide.